The demand for holiday home is of great interest, since it is estimated at 15% only the percentage of households that have a second home in Greece. There is of course a huge interest from foreigners who want or better have as a dream a holiday home in Greece. Finally, there are many Building Cooperatives that have not advanced the procedures for the Private Urban Planning of their area or areas.
In recent decades the phenomenon has developed mainly with the status of off-plan construction or arbitrary settlements, many of which later joined the city plan.
Today, after Law 2508/97, the organized holiday home can proceed with the institution PERPO, ie Specially Specially Regulated Urban Development Areas.
This institution can be activated when the following conditions are met:
a) There is an area (suitable) outside the plan of at least 100 acres.
b) Interest has been expressed by the owners and there is the possibility of financing studies and infrastructure projects.
The definition of PERPO is done in two ways:
1. At the prefecture level through a decision of general directions that determines in principle suitable areas.
2. At the level of the Municipality through a new GIS (expansion) within which private urban planning areas will be defined.
The first way has already been promoted and institutionalized by YPEKA for some prefectures.
Also, several municipalities promote a GIS or SHOOAP study to determine land uses in the suburban area, including PERPO areas (2nd way).
At this point it should be emphasized that the private urban planning areas defined in this way, tend in principle to satisfy the expressed demand for residential development, largely pending due to the Council of State, in essence the definition of PERPO areas either within GIS or at of the prefecture constitute a local spatial plan of land uses in order to remove the “blockade” by the SC.
In general, the residential suitability of an area has three parts:
a) Location in the wider area – GIS forecasts, or possibility to make such a forecast – road access, possibility of service from infrastructure networks.
b) Morphological characteristics – slopes, seashore, geological data.
c) Approvals from the Forest Service, Archaeological Services, Directorate of Agriculture.
Example: area of 150 acres, shared 50%, coefficient 0.4: the exploitation that may occur is: 150 (1-0.5) x 0.4 = 30 acres = 30,000 sq.m.
We reach the same result with a density of 5 more / acre. and 40m2 / person namely: 5 x 40 x 150 = 30,000m2.
In practice the exploitation is smaller because on the one hand there are unsuitable sections (slopes) and on the other hand saturation factors eg shores.
The 150 acres will yield about 20,000 – 25,000sqm of structured area.
Finally, with Law 3044/2002, the possibility of determining PERPO was extended within Z.O.E. approved according to article 29 of Law 1337/83.